However destructive recent mismanagement of the Co-operative Group has been, the root cause of co-operative sector difficulties runs much deeper, stemming from an unresolved contradiction at the heart of the model itself.
Democracy poses unique challenges to wealth defence, and yet market democracies have achieved some of the highest degrees of wealth inequality in human history. How have the rich managed the contradiction between formal equality and material disparity?
Wealth concentration is the single most enduring economic pattern across all polities from ancient Mesopotamia to the present. In their ceaseless battle against the threat of redistribution, oligarchs eventually hit upon an enduring solution: the tax state.
English and French nationalism were forged through centuries of bitter military rivalry that carved out a new European, and ultimately global, order.
Lisapo, an oral history project, aims to record, preserve and share the migration and settlement experiences of Greater Manchester’s Congolese community.
An astute and aggressive class traitor, who knew precisely how to rile his ex-classmates, Labour Chancellor Hugh Dalton was the Tories’ worst nightmare.
Contrary to conventional wisdom, including on the left, there was no neoliberal Golden Age.
For many who came of age in the 1960s and 1970s, Tony Benn represented the future, a world in which technology was harnessed to public good, rather than private gain.
Far from being a product of capitalist stagnation, the 2008 financial crisis capped off one of the most dynamic eras for capital in American history.
Our schools and politicians tell us that Britain has a glorious place in world history and Europeans have been responsible for most scientific developments. This is not true.